- Nov 24, 2017 -
In weaving, fabrics are produced by interlacing two different sets of yarn or threads horizontally or vertically. The vertical threads are called as warp, while the horizontal treads are known as weft or filling. The method by which the threads are woven affects the characteristics of the cloth. Weaving is usually done on a loom, either machine or hand. The loom is used to hold the warp threads in place while weft threads are woven through them. The way the threads are interlaced is known as the weave. Patterns and other designs can also be woven on the cloth.
Knitting is a method that is used to produce fabric, by turning yarn into cloth. The term ‘knitted’ is derived from the Old English ‘cnyttan’, meaning ‘to knot’. Knitted fabric consists of consecutive rows of loops, called stitches. Each stitch is produced by pulling a new loop through and existing loop. Stitches are held by a needle till a new loop passes through them. Knitting can be done by hand or a knitting machine. Different colored yarns and needles can be used to produce different colors, textures, weight and pattern of fabrics. The yarn in knitting follows a specific course of forming symmetric loops above and below the mean path of the yarn. These loops can easily be stretched into different directions, giving the knitted cloth its elastic properties. Hence knitting is used for fabrics that need to be stretched such as socks and hosiery. Clothes that are knitted are also more form-fitting due to the elasticity. The yarn used is knitting is thicker, compared to normal thread, making the garment bulkier and heavier.